C#图片处理示例(裁剪,缩放,清晰度,水印)

C#图片处理示例(裁剪,缩放,清晰度,水印)

吴剑 2011-02-20

原创文章,转发必需阐明出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/wu-jian/

 

前言

要求源自项目中的壹些使用,比如相册功效,平常用户上传相片后大家都会指向该照片再生成一张缩略图,用于其余页面上的列表展现。随便看一下,超越6壹%网址为主都是将原图等比缩放来生成缩略图。但完美主义者会意识一些题材,比如呈现排版时想让照片缩略图列表卓殊统1、整齐、和华美,比如需求每张缩略图大小固定为120
x
90且不拉伸变形如何是好?再比如说用户头像怎么着让缩略图比原图更明显?或是怎样在上传的图形下加3个半晶莹剔透的LOGO水印?

OK,本文依照自个儿的类别代码描述以上难点的缓解方案,全部基于.Net
Framework类库完毕,代码中富含了C#图片处理的局地基础知识,与咱们大饱眼福,个人能力有限,不足之处还请立时指正。

 

狠抓缩略图清晰度

图片 1(原图200*200,12.3k)图片 2(处理后80*80,17.7k)

事先一向觉得缩略图不或者比原图清晰,直到某天一位产品的同事给自家看某网址的效率。于是从头寻找.NET下降成代码,仔细调查缩略图确实比原图更清晰了壹部分,但代价是缩略图像和文字件比原图越来越大,所以假诺您想让一张占满显示器显示器的重特大图片更清晰,那么图片占用空间和互连网流量就必需思考了,如若是互连网接纳,提议缩略图在200像素以内的应用该办法。当然借使哪位有越来越好的代码即能让图片文件大小变化非常的小又让图片更明显还请分享。

 

图表裁剪

图片 3(原图256*192)图片 4(裁剪要求100*100)

图片 5(原图256*192)图片 6(裁剪须求90*120)

图片 7(原图256*192)图片 8(裁剪须求120*90)

图片 9(原图146*256)图片 10(裁剪供给100*100)

图片 11(原图146*256)图片 12(裁剪须要90*120)

图片 13(原图146*256)图片 14(裁剪供给120*90)

算法:以原图大旨作为裁剪宗旨,最大范围的对原图举办裁剪,然后对裁剪结果等比缩放。

 

图表水印

图片 15图片 16

仅演示了效益,如需求变更字体、水印反射率、地方等可自行在代码或方法中扩充。

 

代码

卷入了多少个通用的法门,如发现有BUG或漏洞还请霎时指正。

图片 17图片 18

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;

namespace WuJian.Common
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 图片处理
    /// http://www.cnblogs.com/wu-jian/
    /// 
    /// 吴剑 2011-02-20 创建
    /// 吴剑 2012-08-08 修改
    /// </summary>
    public class Image
    {
        #region 正方型裁剪并缩放

        /// <summary>
        /// 正方型裁剪
        /// 以图片中心为轴心,截取正方型,然后等比缩放
        /// 用于头像处理
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>吴剑 2012-08-08</remarks>
        /// <param name="fromFile">原图Stream对象</param>
        /// <param name="fileSaveUrl">缩略图存放地址</param>
        /// <param name="side">指定的边长(正方型)</param>
        /// <param name="quality">质量(范围0-100)</param>
        public static void CutForSquare(System.IO.Stream fromFile, string fileSaveUrl, int side, int quality)
        {
            //创建目录
            string dir = Path.GetDirectoryName(fileSaveUrl);
            if (!Directory.Exists(dir))
                Directory.CreateDirectory(dir);

            //原始图片(获取原始图片创建对象,并使用流中嵌入的颜色管理信息)
            System.Drawing.Image initImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(fromFile, true);

            //原图宽高均小于模版,不作处理,直接保存
            if (initImage.Width <= side && initImage.Height <= side)
            {
                initImage.Save(fileSaveUrl, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg);
            }
            else
            {
                //原始图片的宽、高
                int initWidth = initImage.Width;
                int initHeight = initImage.Height;

                //非正方型先裁剪为正方型
                if (initWidth != initHeight)
                {
                    //截图对象
                    System.Drawing.Image pickedImage = null;
                    System.Drawing.Graphics pickedG = null;

                    //宽大于高的横图
                    if (initWidth > initHeight)
                    {
                        //对象实例化
                        pickedImage = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(initHeight, initHeight);
                        pickedG = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(pickedImage);
                        //设置质量
                        pickedG.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                        pickedG.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                        //定位
                        Rectangle fromR = new Rectangle((initWidth - initHeight) / 2, 0, initHeight, initHeight);
                        Rectangle toR = new Rectangle(0, 0, initHeight, initHeight);
                        //画图
                        pickedG.DrawImage(initImage, toR, fromR, System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                        //重置宽
                        initWidth = initHeight;
                    }
                    //高大于宽的竖图
                    else
                    {
                        //对象实例化
                        pickedImage = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(initWidth, initWidth);
                        pickedG = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(pickedImage);
                        //设置质量
                        pickedG.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                        pickedG.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                        //定位
                        Rectangle fromR = new Rectangle(0, (initHeight - initWidth) / 2, initWidth, initWidth);
                        Rectangle toR = new Rectangle(0, 0, initWidth, initWidth);
                        //画图
                        pickedG.DrawImage(initImage, toR, fromR, System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                        //重置高
                        initHeight = initWidth;
                    }

                    //将截图对象赋给原图
                    initImage = (System.Drawing.Image)pickedImage.Clone();
                    //释放截图资源
                    pickedG.Dispose();
                    pickedImage.Dispose();
                }

                //缩略图对象
                System.Drawing.Image resultImage = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(side, side);
                System.Drawing.Graphics resultG = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(resultImage);
                //设置质量
                resultG.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                resultG.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                //用指定背景色清空画布
                resultG.Clear(Color.White);
                //绘制缩略图
                resultG.DrawImage(initImage, new System.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, side, side), new System.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, initWidth, initHeight), System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

                //关键质量控制
                //获取系统编码类型数组,包含了jpeg,bmp,png,gif,tiff
                ImageCodecInfo[] icis = ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders();
                ImageCodecInfo ici = null;
                foreach (ImageCodecInfo i in icis)
                {
                    if (i.MimeType == "image/jpeg" || i.MimeType == "image/bmp" || i.MimeType == "image/png" || i.MimeType == "image/gif")
                    {
                        ici = i;
                    }
                }
                EncoderParameters ep = new EncoderParameters(1);
                ep.Param[0] = new EncoderParameter(System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.Quality, (long)quality);

                //保存缩略图
                resultImage.Save(fileSaveUrl, ici, ep);

                //释放关键质量控制所用资源
                ep.Dispose();

                //释放缩略图资源
                resultG.Dispose();
                resultImage.Dispose();

                //释放原始图片资源
                initImage.Dispose();
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region 自定义裁剪并缩放

        /// <summary>
        /// 指定长宽裁剪
        /// 按模版比例最大范围的裁剪图片并缩放至模版尺寸
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>吴剑 2012-08-08</remarks>
        /// <param name="fromFile">原图Stream对象</param>
        /// <param name="fileSaveUrl">保存路径</param>
        /// <param name="maxWidth">最大宽(单位:px)</param>
        /// <param name="maxHeight">最大高(单位:px)</param>
        /// <param name="quality">质量(范围0-100)</param>
        public static void CutForCustom(System.IO.Stream fromFile, string fileSaveUrl, int maxWidth, int maxHeight, int quality)
        {
            //从文件获取原始图片,并使用流中嵌入的颜色管理信息
            System.Drawing.Image initImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(fromFile, true);

            //原图宽高均小于模版,不作处理,直接保存
            if (initImage.Width <= maxWidth && initImage.Height <= maxHeight)
            {
                initImage.Save(fileSaveUrl, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg);
            }
            else
            {
                //模版的宽高比例
                double templateRate = (double)maxWidth / maxHeight;
                //原图片的宽高比例
                double initRate = (double)initImage.Width / initImage.Height;

                //原图与模版比例相等,直接缩放
                if (templateRate == initRate)
                {
                    //按模版大小生成最终图片
                    System.Drawing.Image templateImage = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(maxWidth, maxHeight);
                    System.Drawing.Graphics templateG = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(templateImage);
                    templateG.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.High;
                    templateG.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                    templateG.Clear(Color.White);
                    templateG.DrawImage(initImage, new System.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, maxWidth, maxHeight), new System.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, initImage.Width, initImage.Height), System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);
                    templateImage.Save(fileSaveUrl, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg);
                }
                //原图与模版比例不等,裁剪后缩放
                else
                {
                    //裁剪对象
                    System.Drawing.Image pickedImage = null;
                    System.Drawing.Graphics pickedG = null;

                    //定位
                    Rectangle fromR = new Rectangle(0, 0, 0, 0);//原图裁剪定位
                    Rectangle toR = new Rectangle(0, 0, 0, 0);//目标定位

                    //宽为标准进行裁剪
                    if (templateRate > initRate)
                    {
                        //裁剪对象实例化
                        pickedImage = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(initImage.Width, (int)System.Math.Floor(initImage.Width / templateRate));
                        pickedG = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(pickedImage);

                        //裁剪源定位
                        fromR.X = 0;
                        fromR.Y = (int)System.Math.Floor((initImage.Height - initImage.Width / templateRate) / 2);
                        fromR.Width = initImage.Width;
                        fromR.Height = (int)System.Math.Floor(initImage.Width / templateRate);

                        //裁剪目标定位
                        toR.X = 0;
                        toR.Y = 0;
                        toR.Width = initImage.Width;
                        toR.Height = (int)System.Math.Floor(initImage.Width / templateRate);
                    }
                    //高为标准进行裁剪
                    else
                    {
                        pickedImage = new System.Drawing.Bitmap((int)System.Math.Floor(initImage.Height * templateRate), initImage.Height);
                        pickedG = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(pickedImage);

                        fromR.X = (int)System.Math.Floor((initImage.Width - initImage.Height * templateRate) / 2);
                        fromR.Y = 0;
                        fromR.Width = (int)System.Math.Floor(initImage.Height * templateRate);
                        fromR.Height = initImage.Height;

                        toR.X = 0;
                        toR.Y = 0;
                        toR.Width = (int)System.Math.Floor(initImage.Height * templateRate);
                        toR.Height = initImage.Height;
                    }

                    //设置质量
                    pickedG.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                    pickedG.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;

                    //裁剪
                    pickedG.DrawImage(initImage, toR, fromR, System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

                    //按模版大小生成最终图片
                    System.Drawing.Image templateImage = new System.Drawing.Bitmap(maxWidth, maxHeight);
                    System.Drawing.Graphics templateG = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(templateImage);
                    templateG.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.High;
                    templateG.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
                    templateG.Clear(Color.White);
                    templateG.DrawImage(pickedImage, new System.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, maxWidth, maxHeight), new System.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, pickedImage.Width, pickedImage.Height), System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

                    //关键质量控制
                    //获取系统编码类型数组,包含了jpeg,bmp,png,gif,tiff
                    ImageCodecInfo[] icis = ImageCodecInfo.GetImageEncoders();
                    ImageCodecInfo ici = null;
                    foreach (ImageCodecInfo i in icis)
                    {
                        if (i.MimeType == "image/jpeg" || i.MimeType == "image/bmp" || i.MimeType == "image/png" || i.MimeType == "image/gif")
                        {
                            ici = i;
                        }
                    }
                    EncoderParameters ep = new EncoderParameters(1);
                    ep.Param[0] = new EncoderParameter(System.Drawing.Imaging.Encoder.Quality, (long)quality);

                    //保存缩略图
                    templateImage.Save(fileSaveUrl, ici, ep);
                    //templateImage.Save(fileSaveUrl, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg);

                    //释放资源
                    templateG.Dispose();
                    templateImage.Dispose();

                    pickedG.Dispose();
                    pickedImage.Dispose();
                }
            }

            //释放资源
            initImage.Dispose();
        }
        #endregion

        #region 等比缩放

        /// <summary>
        /// 图片等比缩放
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>吴剑 2012-08-08</remarks>
        /// <param name="fromFile">原图Stream对象</param>
        /// <param name="savePath">缩略图存放地址</param>
        /// <param name="targetWidth">指定的最大宽度</param>
        /// <param name="targetHeight">指定的最大高度</param>
        /// <param name="watermarkText">水印文字(为""表示不使用水印)</param>
        /// <param name="watermarkImage">水印图片路径(为""表示不使用水印)</param>
        public static void ZoomAuto(System.IO.Stream fromFile, string savePath, System.Double targetWidth, System.Double targetHeight, string watermarkText, string watermarkImage)
        {
            //创建目录
            string dir = Path.GetDirectoryName(savePath);
            if (!Directory.Exists(dir))
                Directory.CreateDirectory(dir);

            //原始图片(获取原始图片创建对象,并使用流中嵌入的颜色管理信息)
            System.Drawing.Image initImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(fromFile, true);

            //原图宽高均小于模版,不作处理,直接保存
            if (initImage.Width <= targetWidth && initImage.Height <= targetHeight)
            {
                //文字水印
                if (watermarkText != "")
                {
                    using (System.Drawing.Graphics gWater = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(initImage))
                    {
                        System.Drawing.Font fontWater = new Font("黑体", 10);
                        System.Drawing.Brush brushWater = new SolidBrush(Color.White);
                        gWater.DrawString(watermarkText, fontWater, brushWater, 10, 10);
                        gWater.Dispose();
                    }
                }

                //透明图片水印
                if (watermarkImage != "")
                {
                    if (File.Exists(watermarkImage))
                    {
                        //获取水印图片
                        using (System.Drawing.Image wrImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(watermarkImage))
                        {
                            //水印绘制条件:原始图片宽高均大于或等于水印图片
                            if (initImage.Width >= wrImage.Width && initImage.Height >= wrImage.Height)
                            {
                                Graphics gWater = Graphics.FromImage(initImage);

                                //透明属性
                                ImageAttributes imgAttributes = new ImageAttributes();
                                ColorMap colorMap = new ColorMap();
                                colorMap.OldColor = Color.FromArgb(255, 0, 255, 0);
                                colorMap.NewColor = Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 0, 0);
                                ColorMap[] remapTable = { colorMap };
                                imgAttributes.SetRemapTable(remapTable, ColorAdjustType.Bitmap);

                                float[][] colorMatrixElements = { 
                                   new float[] {1.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f, 0.0f},
                                   new float[] {0.0f,  1.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f, 0.0f},
                                   new float[] {0.0f,  0.0f,  1.0f,  0.0f, 0.0f},
                                   new float[] {0.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f,  0.5f, 0.0f},//透明度:0.5
                                   new float[] {0.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f, 1.0f}
                                };

                                ColorMatrix wmColorMatrix = new ColorMatrix(colorMatrixElements);
                                imgAttributes.SetColorMatrix(wmColorMatrix, ColorMatrixFlag.Default, ColorAdjustType.Bitmap);
                                gWater.DrawImage(wrImage, new Rectangle(initImage.Width - wrImage.Width, initImage.Height - wrImage.Height, wrImage.Width, wrImage.Height), 0, 0, wrImage.Width, wrImage.Height, GraphicsUnit.Pixel, imgAttributes);

                                gWater.Dispose();
                            }
                            wrImage.Dispose();
                        }
                    }
                }

                //保存
                initImage.Save(savePath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg);
            }
            else
            {
                //缩略图宽、高计算
                double newWidth = initImage.Width;
                double newHeight = initImage.Height;

                //宽大于高或宽等于高(横图或正方)
                if (initImage.Width > initImage.Height || initImage.Width == initImage.Height)
                {
                    //如果宽大于模版
                    if (initImage.Width > targetWidth)
                    {
                        //宽按模版,高按比例缩放
                        newWidth = targetWidth;
                        newHeight = initImage.Height * (targetWidth / initImage.Width);
                    }
                }
                //高大于宽(竖图)
                else
                {
                    //如果高大于模版
                    if (initImage.Height > targetHeight)
                    {
                        //高按模版,宽按比例缩放
                        newHeight = targetHeight;
                        newWidth = initImage.Width * (targetHeight / initImage.Height);
                    }
                }

                //生成新图
                //新建一个bmp图片
                System.Drawing.Image newImage = new System.Drawing.Bitmap((int)newWidth, (int)newHeight);
                //新建一个画板
                System.Drawing.Graphics newG = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(newImage);

                //设置质量
                newG.InterpolationMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
                newG.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.HighQuality;

                //置背景色
                newG.Clear(Color.White);
                //画图
                newG.DrawImage(initImage, new System.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, newImage.Width, newImage.Height), new System.Drawing.Rectangle(0, 0, initImage.Width, initImage.Height), System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

                //文字水印
                if (watermarkText != "")
                {
                    using (System.Drawing.Graphics gWater = System.Drawing.Graphics.FromImage(newImage))
                    {
                        System.Drawing.Font fontWater = new Font("宋体", 10);
                        System.Drawing.Brush brushWater = new SolidBrush(Color.White);
                        gWater.DrawString(watermarkText, fontWater, brushWater, 10, 10);
                        gWater.Dispose();
                    }
                }

                //透明图片水印
                if (watermarkImage != "")
                {
                    if (File.Exists(watermarkImage))
                    {
                        //获取水印图片
                        using (System.Drawing.Image wrImage = System.Drawing.Image.FromFile(watermarkImage))
                        {
                            //水印绘制条件:原始图片宽高均大于或等于水印图片
                            if (newImage.Width >= wrImage.Width && newImage.Height >= wrImage.Height)
                            {
                                Graphics gWater = Graphics.FromImage(newImage);

                                //透明属性
                                ImageAttributes imgAttributes = new ImageAttributes();
                                ColorMap colorMap = new ColorMap();
                                colorMap.OldColor = Color.FromArgb(255, 0, 255, 0);
                                colorMap.NewColor = Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 0, 0);
                                ColorMap[] remapTable = { colorMap };
                                imgAttributes.SetRemapTable(remapTable, ColorAdjustType.Bitmap);

                                float[][] colorMatrixElements = { 
                                   new float[] {1.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f, 0.0f},
                                   new float[] {0.0f,  1.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f, 0.0f},
                                   new float[] {0.0f,  0.0f,  1.0f,  0.0f, 0.0f},
                                   new float[] {0.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f,  0.5f, 0.0f},//透明度:0.5
                                   new float[] {0.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f,  0.0f, 1.0f}
                                };

                                ColorMatrix wmColorMatrix = new ColorMatrix(colorMatrixElements);
                                imgAttributes.SetColorMatrix(wmColorMatrix, ColorMatrixFlag.Default, ColorAdjustType.Bitmap);
                                gWater.DrawImage(wrImage, new Rectangle(newImage.Width - wrImage.Width, newImage.Height - wrImage.Height, wrImage.Width, wrImage.Height), 0, 0, wrImage.Width, wrImage.Height, GraphicsUnit.Pixel, imgAttributes);
                                gWater.Dispose();
                            }
                            wrImage.Dispose();
                        }
                    }
                }

                //保存缩略图
                newImage.Save(savePath, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg);

                //释放资源
                newG.Dispose();
                newImage.Dispose();
                initImage.Dispose();
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region 其它

        /// <summary>
        /// 判断文件类型是否为WEB格式图片
        /// (注:JPG,GIF,BMP,PNG)
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="contentType">HttpPostedFile.ContentType</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static bool IsWebImage(string contentType)
        {
            if (contentType == "image/pjpeg" || contentType == "image/jpeg" || contentType == "image/gif" || contentType == "image/bmp" || contentType == "image/png")
            {
                return true;
            }
            else
            {
                return false;
            }
        }

        #endregion

    }//end class
}

View Code

  

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