C#网络编制程序之Http请求

本片篇分享简单介绍C#C#,中的Http请求,前天帮朋友的类型封装ApiHelper,笔者粗糙的结果如同下,想想笔者的确是差的太远了。还有1位架构师也在卷入这几个Helper
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所以最后的结果本来是使用大牛的包裹,那篇分享后,准备上学下她的包装,配置,错误处理机制等思想。然则这次也使自个儿对C#互联网编程驾驭的越来越多,算是3次学习经验呢。真心喜欢和老司机合作,下一阶段将会频频跟那位情人学习项目底层的包裹,和他谦虚的神态,有那般的火候也是幸好的。

C# 1

 

你能够将其封装成自身的HttpHelper,经朋友提议,统一Http请求的入参和出参。在HttpClient方面也参照了dudu的关于httpclient预热的稿子。C#中HttpClient使用注意:预热与长连接。

为了达成统一入参和出参,定义了Req<T>泛型类和Resp<T>泛型类。你可以根据自身的急需开始展览举行。

 1   public class Req<T>
 2     {
 3         /// <summary>
 4         /// 传入数据
 5         /// </summary>
 6         public T Input { get; set; }
 7         /// <summary>
 8         /// 请求地址
 9         /// </summary>
10         public string Url { get; set; }
11     }

 1 public class Resp<T>
 2     {
 3         /// <summary>
 4         /// 错误消息
 5         /// </summary>
 6         public string ErrorMsg { get; set; }
 7         /// <summary>
 8         /// 状态码
 9         /// </summary>
10         public int StatusCode { get; set; }
11         /// <summary>
12         /// 返回数据
13         /// </summary>
14         public T RespData { get; set; }
15     }

虽说保持了httpClient对象复用,但需求小心的是,在安装了httpClient,并且产生了一遍呼吁之后,无法再对其属性进行双重设置。那也多亏自身又定义了3个fileClient的说辞。

  1   #region HttpClient版本
  2         private static readonly string _baseAddress = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["api-server"];//配置BaseUrl eg.http://localhost:1234
  3         private static readonly HttpClient _httpClient;
  4         private static readonly HttpClient _fileClient;
  5 
  6         static ApiHelper()
  7         {
  8             #region 初始化和预热 httpClient
  9             _httpClient = new HttpClient();
 10             _httpClient.BaseAddress = new Uri(_baseAddress);
 11             _httpClient.Timeout = TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(2000);
 12             _httpClient.DefaultRequestHeaders.Add("Accept", "application/json");//application/xml  想Accept的数据格式
 13 
 14             _httpClient.SendAsync(new HttpRequestMessage
 15             {
 16                 Method = new HttpMethod("HEAD"),
 17                 RequestUri = new Uri(_baseAddress + "/api/test/HttpClientHot")
 18             })
 19             .Result.EnsureSuccessStatusCode();
 20             #endregion
 21 
 22             #region 初始化和预热 fileClient
 23 
 24             _fileClient = new HttpClient();
 25             _fileClient.BaseAddress = new Uri(_baseAddress + "/api/test/HttpClientHot");
 26             _fileClient.MaxResponseContentBufferSize = 256000;
 27 
 28             #endregion
 29         }
 30 
 31         /// <summary>
 32         /// http Get请求
 33         /// </summary>
 34         /// <typeparam name="T">入参类型</typeparam>
 35         /// <typeparam name="TResult">出参类型</typeparam>
 36         /// <param name="req">入参对象</param>
 37         /// <returns></returns>
 38         public static async Task<Resp<TResult>> GetAsync<T, TResult>(Req<T> req)
 39         {
 40             try
 41             {
 42                 var result =await _httpClient.GetAsync(req.Url).Result.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
 47                 return new Resp<TResult>() { Data = JsonHelper.JsonDeserialize<TResult>(result) };
 48             }
 49             catch(Exception ex)
 50             {
 51 
 52             }
 53                 return new Resp<TResult>() { Data = JsonHelper.JsonDeserialize<TResult>("") };
 54             
 55         }
 56 
 57         /// <summary>
 58         ///  http Post请求
 59         /// </summary>
 60         /// <typeparam name="T">入参类型</typeparam>
 61         /// <typeparam name="TResult">出参类型</typeparam>
 62         /// <param name="req">入参对象</param>
 63         /// <returns></returns>
 64         public static async Task<Resp<TResult>> PostAsJsonAsync<T, TResult>(Req<T> req)
 65         {
 66             var result = await _httpClient.PostAsJsonAsync(req.Url, req.Input).Result.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
 67             return new Resp<TResult>() { Data = JsonHelper.JsonDeserialize<TResult>(result) };
 68         }
 69 
 70         /// <summary>
 71         /// 上传文件
 72         /// </summary>
 73         /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
 74         /// <typeparam name="TResult"></typeparam>
 75         /// <param name="req"></param>
 76         /// <param name="filePath"></param>
 77         /// <returns></returns>
 78         public static async Task<Resp<TResult>> SendFile<T, TResult>(Req<T> req, string filePath)//D:\\white.jpg
 79         {
 80             //_fileClient.DefaultRequestHeaders.Add("user-agent", "User-Agent    Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; Trident/7.0; Touch; MALNJS; rv:11.0) like Gecko");//设置请求头
 81             // 读文件流
 82             FileStream fs = new FileStream(filePath, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.Read);
 83             HttpContent fileContent = new StreamContent(fs);//为文件流提供的HTTP容器
 84             fileContent.Headers.ContentType = MediaTypeHeaderValue.Parse("multipart/form-data");//设置媒体类型
 85             MultipartFormDataContent mulContent = new MultipartFormDataContent("----");//创建用于可传递文件的容器
 86             string fileName = filePath.Substring(filePath.LastIndexOf("/") + 1);
 87             mulContent.Add(fileContent, "form", fileName);//第二个参数是表单名,第三个是文件名。
 88             HttpResponseMessage response = await _fileClient.PostAsync(req.Url, mulContent);
 89             response.EnsureSuccessStatusCode();
 90             string result = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
 91             return new Resp<TResult>() { Data = JsonHelper.JsonDeserialize<TResult>(result) };
 92         }
 93 
 94         /// <summary>
 95         /// 下载
 96         /// </summary>
 97         /// <param name="url"></param>
 98         /// <returns></returns>
 99         public static async Task<Resp<byte[]>> HttpDownloadData<T>(Req<T> req)
100         {
101             var byteres = await _fileClient.GetByteArrayAsync(req.Url);
102             return new Resp<byte[]>() { Data = byteres };
103         }
104 
105         #endregion
106 }

其余分享下HttpWebRequest来兑现的乞求。HttpWebRequest要求你活动安装重重内容,当然那也印证其剧情丰盛。下边代码包涵了post,get,以及上传。

        /// <summary>
        /// Post Http请求
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="url">请求地址</param>
        /// <param name="postData">传输数据</param>
        /// <param name="timeout">超时时间</param>
        /// <param name="contentType">媒体格式</param>
        /// <param name="encode">编码</param>
        /// <returns>泛型集合</returns>
        public static List<T> PostAndRespList<T>(string url, string postData, int timeout = 5000, string contentType = "application/json;", string encode = "UTF-8")
        {
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(url) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(encode) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(contentType) && postData != null)
            {
                // webRequest.Headers.Add("Authorization", "Bearer " + "SportApiAuthData");
                HttpWebResponse webResponse = null;
                Stream responseStream = null;
                Stream requestStream = null;
                StreamReader streamReader = null;
                try
                {
                    string respstr = GetStreamReader(url, responseStream, requestStream, streamReader, webResponse, timeout, encode, postData, contentType);
                    return JsonHelper.JsonDeserialize<List<T>>(respstr);

                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {

                }
                finally
                {
                    if (responseStream != null) responseStream.Dispose();
                    if (webResponse != null) webResponse.Dispose();
                    if (requestStream != null) requestStream.Dispose();
                    if (streamReader != null) streamReader.Dispose();
                }
            }
            return null;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Post Http请求
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="url">请求地址</param>
        /// <param name="postData">传输数据</param>
        /// <param name="timeout">超时时间</param>
        /// <param name="contentType">媒体格式</param>
        /// <param name="encode">编码</param>
        /// <returns>泛型集合</returns>
        public static T PostAndRespSignle<T>(string url, int timeout = 5000, string postData = "", string contentType = "application/json;", string encode = "UTF-8")
        {
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(url) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(encode) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(contentType) && postData != null)
            {
                // webRequest.Headers.Add("Authorization", "Bearer " + "SportApiAuthData");
                HttpWebResponse webResponse = null;
                Stream responseStream = null;
                Stream requestStream = null;
                StreamReader streamReader = null;
                try
                {
                    string respstr = GetStreamReader(url, responseStream, requestStream, streamReader, webResponse, timeout, encode, postData, contentType);
                    return JsonHelper.JsonDeserialize<T>(respstr);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {

                }
                finally
                {
                    if (responseStream != null) responseStream.Dispose();
                    if (webResponse != null) webResponse.Dispose();
                    if (requestStream != null) requestStream.Dispose();
                    if (streamReader != null) streamReader.Dispose();
                }
            }
            return default(T);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Post Http请求
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="url"></param>
        /// <param name="postData"></param>
        /// <param name="timeout"></param>
        /// <param name="contentType"></param>
        /// <param name="encode"></param>
        /// <returns>响应流字符串</returns>
        public static string PostAndRespStr(string url, int timeout = 5000, string postData = "", string contentType = "application/json;", string encode = "UTF-8")
        {
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(url) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(encode) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(contentType) && postData != null)
            {
                HttpWebResponse webResponse = null;
                Stream responseStream = null;
                Stream requestStream = null;
                StreamReader streamReader = null;
                try
                {

                    return GetStreamReader(url, responseStream, requestStream, streamReader, webResponse, timeout, encode, postData, contentType);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {

                }
                finally
                {
                    if (responseStream != null) responseStream.Dispose();
                    if (webResponse != null) webResponse.Dispose();
                    if (requestStream != null) requestStream.Dispose();
                    if (streamReader != null) streamReader.Dispose();
                }
            }
            return null;
        }

        private static string GetStreamReader(string url, Stream responseStream, Stream requestStream, StreamReader streamReader, WebResponse webResponse, int timeout, string encode, string postData, string contentType)
        {
            byte[] data = Encoding.GetEncoding(encode).GetBytes(postData);
            HttpWebRequest webRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
            SetAuth(webRequest);
            webRequest.Method = "POST";
            webRequest.ContentType = contentType + ";" + encode;
            webRequest.ContentLength = data.Length;
            webRequest.Timeout = timeout;
            requestStream = webRequest.GetRequestStream();
            requestStream.Write(data, 0, data.Length);
            webResponse = (HttpWebResponse)webRequest.GetResponse();
            responseStream = webResponse.GetResponseStream();
            if (responseStream == null) { return ""; }
            streamReader = new StreamReader(responseStream, Encoding.GetEncoding(encode));
            return streamReader.ReadToEnd();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Post文件流给指定Url
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="url">url</param>
        /// <param name="filePath">文件路径</param>
        /// <returns>响应流字符串</returns>
        public static string PostFile(string url, string filePath, string contentType = "application/octet-stream", string encode = "UTF-8")
        {
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(url) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(encode) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(contentType) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(filePath))
            {

                Stream requestStream = null;
                Stream responseStream = null;
                StreamReader streamReader = null;
                FileStream fileStream = null;
                try
                {
                    // 设置参数
                    HttpWebRequest webRequest = WebRequest.Create(url) as HttpWebRequest;
                    SetAuth(webRequest);
                    webRequest.AllowAutoRedirect = true;
                    webRequest.Method = "POST";
                    string boundary = DateTime.Now.Ticks.ToString("X"); // 随机分隔线
                    webRequest.ContentType = "multipart/form-data;charset=" + encode + ";boundary=" + boundary;
                    byte[] itemBoundaryBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "\r\n");//消息开始
                    byte[] endBoundaryBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("\r\n--" + boundary + "--\r\n");//消息结尾
                    var fileName = filePath.Substring(filePath.LastIndexOf("/") + 1);
                    //请求头部信息
                    string postHeader = string.Format("Content-Disposition:form-data;name=\"media\";filename=\"{0}\"\r\nContent-Type:{1}\r\n\r\n", fileName, contentType);
                    byte[] postHeaderBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(postHeader);
                    fileStream = new FileStream(filePath, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
                    byte[] fileByteArr = new byte[fileStream.Length];
                    fileStream.Read(fileByteArr, 0, fileByteArr.Length);
                    fileStream.Close();
                    requestStream = webRequest.GetRequestStream();
                    requestStream.Write(itemBoundaryBytes, 0, itemBoundaryBytes.Length);
                    requestStream.Write(postHeaderBytes, 0, postHeaderBytes.Length);
                    requestStream.Write(fileByteArr, 0, fileByteArr.Length);
                    requestStream.Write(endBoundaryBytes, 0, endBoundaryBytes.Length);
                    requestStream.Close();
                    responseStream = webRequest.GetResponse().GetResponseStream();//发送请求,得到响应流
                    if (responseStream == null) return string.Empty;
                    streamReader = new StreamReader(responseStream, Encoding.UTF8);
                    return streamReader.ReadToEnd();
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {

                }
                finally
                {

                }
            }
            return null;

        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Get http请求
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="url">请求地址</param>
        /// <param name="timeout">超时时间</param>
        /// <param name="encode">编码</param>
        /// <returns>返回单个实体</returns>
        public static T GetSingle<T>(string url, int timeout = 5000, string encode = "UTF-8")
        {
            //HttpWebRequest对象
            //HttpClient->dudu 调用预热处理
            //Stream—>Model

            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(url) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(encode))
            {
                Stream responseStream = null;
                StreamReader streamReader = null;
                WebResponse webResponse = null;
                try
                {
                    string respStr = GetRespStr(url, responseStream, streamReader, webResponse, timeout, encode);
                    return JsonHelper.JsonDeserialize<T>(respStr);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {

                }
                finally
                {
                    if (responseStream != null) responseStream.Dispose();
                    if (streamReader != null) streamReader.Dispose();
                    if (webResponse != null) webResponse.Dispose();
                }
            }
            return default(T);
        }

        /// <summary>
        ///  Get http请求
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="url"></param>
        /// <param name="timeout"></param>
        /// <param name="encode"></param>
        /// <returns>响应流字符串</returns>
        public static string GetResponseString(string url, int timeout = 5000, string encode = "UTF-8")
        {
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(url) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(encode))
            {
                Stream responseStream = null;
                StreamReader streamReader = null;
                WebResponse webResponse = null;
                try
                {
                    return GetRespStr(url, responseStream, streamReader, webResponse, timeout, encode);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {

                }
                finally
                {
                    if (responseStream != null) responseStream.Dispose();
                    if (streamReader != null) streamReader.Dispose();
                    if (webResponse != null) webResponse.Dispose();
                }
            }
            return null;
        }

        private static string GetRespStr(string url, Stream responseStream, StreamReader streamReader, WebResponse webResponse, int timeout, string encode)
        {
            HttpWebRequest webRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
            webRequest.Method = "GET";
            webRequest.Timeout = timeout;
            webResponse = webRequest.GetResponse();
            responseStream = webResponse.GetResponseStream();
            if (responseStream == null) { return ""; }
            streamReader = new StreamReader(responseStream, Encoding.GetEncoding(encode));
            return streamReader.ReadToEnd();
         }

 

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